When to do a pregnancy test
Pregnancy is an extraordinary event in the life of every woman. It does not matter if she stepped in expectation of the planned baby or was the result of negligence, a woman will be required to make a number of serious decisions. Therefore, pregnancy tests are sold on every corner: most expectant mothers prefer to receive such news as early as possible in order to begin to act deliberately.
How does a pregnancy test work?
Rapid tests look different, but the principle of operation is always the same: one part of the paper strip is immersed in the urine, the second shows the reaction of the active substance in the form of colored (usually dark red) stripes. This happens when in the urine the content of chronic human gonadotropin increases, which is also called hCG. In normal times, the hCG content in the body is minimal, it is activated only during pregnancy. This helps the fertilized egg to gain a foothold in the uterus and prepares the mother’s immunity for the fetus. It is to him that the chemical components of the test react.
Unfortunately, you cannot rely on the results of a single test. Firstly, the reagent itself can fail. These chemical components have a short shelf life. If the reagent is not active enough, the check may not work. Secondly, the level of the hCG hormone can be lowered. Thirdly, some diseases provoke an increase in hCG levels without pregnancy. Therefore, it is recommended to do the test twice, and even sell two pieces per pack.
If there are two strips, but one looks dull, this says little. Perhaps the hormonal background is still weak, or maybe the problem with the test itself. Repeat the experiment again after one to two days. But do not forget that the test shows only the level of the hCG hormone, and you can not do without consulting a gynecologist. If both times you saw two strips, it’s time to make an appointment with the doctor.
When is the best time to do a pregnancy test?
Test packages often indicate that testing can be done from the first day of the delay. Indeed, if menstruation did not start with active sex life in due time, it is time to check the cause. But often in young women, the cycle is unstable. Fluctuations in the monthly cycle are affected by general health, oral and hormonal contraceptives, other medications, stress, and even violent sex. After an orgasm, hormone levels can increase dramatically, and menstruation will begin prematurely. Therefore, often women cannot determine whether a delay has occurred or not. Need a different time reference. To do this, you will have to figure out what happens in the body in the first days of pregnancy.
The egg passes through several stages of development, one of which is ovulation. At this time, a mature egg leaves the ovaries and moves into the uterus, and only then can it connect to the sperm. If the child is not included in your plans – just do not forget to protect yourself. If you plan to become pregnant, you must monitor ovulation. To do this, you need to keep a detailed account of the days of the cycle, and also measure the rectal temperature in the morning. Before and during ovulation, the temperature rises by about a degree. But since this complex process can have individual characteristics, it is possible to know the time of ovulation only approximately.
Ovulation lasts approximately 48 hours, during which time the egg is active. If the woman’s genitals already have sperm – and they can remain active for up to three days – fertilization can occur and pregnancy can occur. After fertilization, the egg moves for some time in the uterus before it attaches to the wall and begins the process of division. Changes in the hormonal background begin only after the egg is fixed – and after all, it may not be fixed, which makes the link to the time of intercourse meaningless. Some rapid tests can determine the presence of a hormone on 3-4 days, but it is still better to be tested on 5-6 days. Then the hormone level becomes high enough to determine the condition of a woman with confidence.
So, reliable information about the onset of pregnancy can be obtained no earlier than 5-6 days after its onset, and the results should be supported by a doctor’s opinion. If there is no cause for concern, wait about the third week. Doing a pregmate pregnancy test is the best and most effective at this particular time.