Symptoms of pregnancy

What are the symptoms of pregnancy in the first days or during the first month? Discover all the signals to keep under control to understand if you are pregnant!

The symptoms of pregnancy are physical or psychological manifestations common to many women. Precisely because they are very common reactions, caused above all by hormonal changes, they allow us to see the first symptoms of pregnancy: the first week and the first month as almost certain signs to keep under control. That is: if you have had recent reports, and you are in a fertile period, and you happen to notice that you have these reactions and symptoms, perhaps you should check if you are pregnant …

The miracle of pregnancy in 1 minute …

Pregnancy is a miracle that guards the secrets of life, how it is formed and how it is born. In this extraordinary video, of a single minute, you can discover all the stages of pregnancy, from conception to the moment of birth. See how the embryo is formed, in the first weeks of pregnancy, and how the fetus grows from week to week, from trimester to trimester, until the painful and exceptional moment of birth.

For more information on this magical period, see our selection of the best books on pregnancy:

  • Your pregnancy from week to week. From conception to the birth of Lesley Regan
  • The great book of pregnancy. A guide for mothers and fathers of A. Deans
  • The great Italian book of Laura De Laurentiis’ pregnancy
  • Your pregnancy day by day by M. Blott

Pregnancy symptoms of the first week

As the midwife doctor Rita Breschi writes , “every woman has a different perception of her own body and knows the variations during her life. An attentive woman, for example, will be able to recognize the small changes that occur every month during fertile age , and it will be precisely this familiarity with one’s body that allows one to perceive and accept the very first symptoms that indicate the arrival of a pregnancy “. Already during the first week of pregnancy , even if you do not know it, there may be several symptomsthat do not always suggest an interesting state. Usually, already in the early dayshormonal changes are quite important, and have different consequences. The earliest early pregnancy symptoms are:

  • blood stains : they can occur from 6 to 12 days after fertilization and are due to the nesting of the fertilized egg in the uterine part.
  • cramps : these also occur in the first week especially, and are due to the attachment of the fertilized egg to the uterus wall
  • severe headaches : hormonal changes can cause great headaches
  • mood swings : hormones affect many sensations, including sudden changes in mood, irritability and strong emotion , from the first days
  • backache
  • stomach acid: caused by hypersensitivity to certain foods
  • whitish vaginal discharge : the thickening of the vaginal walls also causes heavy losses of a whitish liquid
  • spots on the skin
  • accentuated or inconstant appetite : the hormonal changes of the first days and the first weeks cause sudden appetites or sudden dislikes for certain dishes
  • smell suddenly developed: hormones also affect the reaction to odours, which can be exaggerated, with apparently harmless smells that are very annoying.

Symptoms of pregnancy in the first month … and in the following months

Then there are the symptoms of pregnancy that occur more slowly over the first month . Often they are added to those of the first days, which certainly do not stop at the end of the first week. Here are the main signs that begin to appear over time, and usually last for the first three months:

  1. Delay or missed menstruation: this is the first and most concrete symptom.
  2. Breast pain: already during the first months after conception, the breast becomes swollen and painful to the touch and the nipple areolas become larger and darker. These changes are essential to prepare your body for breastfeeding. However, premenstrual syndrome and hormonal imbalances present this same symptom.
  3. Nausea and vomiting: the typical nausea usually occurs 2 to 8 weeks after conception. It is commonly known as “morning sickness”because for most future mothers it occurs mainly in the morning. For the less fortunate, on the other hand, it can be presented at any time of day or night and accompany them throughout the pregnancy. However, nausea and vomiting could also be a symptom of stress, food poisoning or other intestinal problems.
  4. Fatigue, fatigue and drowsiness : feeling tired, or more tired than usual, is a symptom that manifests itself particularly in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy and is attributable to the excess of hormones . However, fatigue can have many other origins, such as stress, a common cold, the flu or depression.
  5. Frequent urination:about 6-8 weeks after conception you feel the need to pee much more frequently, both during the day and during the night. However, the frequent need to pee could also be caused by a urinary tract infection, diabetes, increased fluid intake or excessive diuretic intake.

Pregnant or not: how to be sure?

If you are experiencing one or more of these symptoms it is possible that you are pregnant.

But you can’t be 100% sure. In fact, all these symptoms (nausea, drowsiness, swollen breasts, heartburn, abundant losses) are due to the hormonal changes typical of pregnancy but also of the period preceding the arrival of the cycle. Also, you may be pregnant without having any of these symptoms, which may appear later.

The absence of the cycle is an objective sign of pregnancy, but it is not always possible to interpret it as such. In fact, many women have irregular cycles, or periods of amenorrhea can occur(spontaneous absence of the cycle) due to stress, excessive weight loss, hormonal imbalance. In such situations, the absence of the cycle is an unreliable symptom, especially at the beginning of pregnancy.

To know for sure if you are pregnant you should take a pregnancy test.

The urinary pregnancy test is the cheapest and used one: it is purchased at the pharmacy and allows the detection of the presence of the Beta HCG hormone (pregnancy hormone) in the urine. This type of test is reliable from the first day of the cycle delay. There are also early urinary tests, which can be performed a few days before the expected date of menstruation.

Urinary tests give safe results. The cases of false-negative (you are pregnant but the test is negative) you can find if the urine is too diluted (because you have drunk too much) or the test was performed too early (compared to the date of conception). In such cases, the amount of Beta HCG hormone in the urine is still too low to be detected by the test. False-positive cases are extremely rare.

To confirm the result of the pregnancy test and be 100% sure of being pregnant, you should take a blood pregnancy test: it is a simple blood test that determines the exact amount of Beta HCG hormone in the blood. at the same time allowing an estimate of the date of conception.

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