On average, each menstrual cycle lasts 28 days, but may have variations. If your period does not come (especially if you have a regular cycle), you should ask yourself why.
Four or five days after the date on which you should have had your period, you can buy a pregnancy test to remove any doubt. These tests analyze the levels of a hormone, HCG, whose rate rises progressively when one is pregnant and can be found in the urine. These tests are absolutely reliable.
However, when you consult a doctor, he will prescribe blood tests and other tests to confirm the diagnosis.
The development of the child
At the beginning of the second week of life, the fertilized egg begins to install itself in the wall of the uterus: nesting is taking place . The cells multiply and, very soon, some of them are already beginning to “specialize”. Thus, there will be some that will move outwards, and others that will remain in the center. On the periphery of the fertilized egg a sort of extensions will be created, of the villousness that will help it penetrate into the uterine wall.
This phase of nesting in the uterus is primordial for the continuation of pregnancy. It can happen that the fertilized egg nestles in an inappropriate place, outside the uterus: then we talk about an extrauterine pregnancy .
You’re pregnant: you probably feel a little more tired than usual. The beginning of a “normal” pregnancy does not imply a radical change in your daily life. However, there are some small precautions to take.
It is time to start paying attention to your diet, without exaggerating though. The nutrition of a future mother must be absolutely normal and balanced. However, you will need to pay more attention to football, an element that you will particularly need. Your gynecologist will probably prescribe you iron supplements and certainly vitamin B9 ( folic acid ) recommended in the first months of pregnancy for the prevention of spina bifida.
Make it a habit to eat small meals: in this way you will not feel heavy and at the same time you will always have the necessary energy. The diet of the future mother must be nutritious, healthy and varied . But, since each person is different from the other, there is no diet that is valid for all. In principle, the diet should consist of: 15-20% protein; 30% fat; 45-50% of carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins, mineral salts.
Drink plenty of water , at least a liter a day. Attention to that of the tap, in some cities, it could contain harmful substances. You can drink mineral water (with the exception of those too rich in sodium), milk, fruit juices (but watch out for weight gain). Avoid carbonated, exciting and alcoholic drinks.
To avoid listeriosis, a foodborne disease that can cause serious infections, you need to follow some basic dietary rules. The germ is widespread in the environment and can be found in all raw foods; complete cooking can destroy it . The following are forbidden: raw milk, unpasteurized soft cheeses (eg gorgonzola, brie, …), raw cured meats (eg raw ham), crustaceans and smoked fish, fish and raw meats.
Always wash your hands before touching or preparing any food. Remove the cheese crust before eating them. Wash the fridge regularly. Opt for pre-packaged products. Do not store food for too long. Clean the vegetables and knives you use to cut them well, and not use them for other foods (meat, cheese…). Thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables with water and bicarbonate to prevent toxoplasmosis.
If you want to play sports , activities like rugby, karate, skiing or horse riding are not recommended: they involve too many risks of being hit or dropped. On the contrary, in addition to walking, to continue doing regular physical activity, you can opt for sports such as swimming, aqua gym, yoga , pilates…
Regardless of the sport you choose, try to relax! Breathing deeply, you’ll get your fill of energy! Even if you are weak, make an effort: walk at least half an hour a day . It is important to oxygenate your body, improve circulation and strengthen your abdominals .
Other precautions to be taken
Medications: avoid taking them without a prescription from a doctor who is aware of your pregnancy. If you need to take an X-ray, tell the radiologist that you are pregnant. Avoid contact with people with contagious diseases.
Also avoid carrying heavy weights, get your shopping home!